fishes of cerebria

Fishes from the realm of cerebria. This is a folio of 18 digital photomontages made in September and October of 2020. (Archival prints are available up to A2 size.)

Here is a clavis, or key, to the realm of cerebria. You can also see the folios postcards from cerebria, tales from cerebria and fires of cerebria, all from earlier in 2020.

Many of these works use background images by Max Hutzel (1911-1988), who photographed in Italy from the early 1960s until his death. The result of this exhaustive and elegant project (over 72,000 images) was referred to by Hutzel as Foto Arte Minore – a documentation of art historical developments in Italy up to the 18th century.

no. 1

fishes of cerebria no. 1

no. 2

fishes of cerebria no. 2

no. 3

fishes of cerebria no. 3

no. 4

fishes of cerebria no. 4
fishes of cerebria no. 4 (detail)

(detail)

no. 5

fishes of cerebria no. 5

no. 6

fishes of cerebria no. 6

no. 7

fishes of cerebria no. 7

no. 8

fishes of cerebria no. 8

no. 9

fishes of cerebria no. 9
fishes of cerebria no. 9 (detail)

(detail)

no. 10

fishes of cerebria no. 10

no. 11

fishes of cerebria no. 11

no. 12

fishes of cerebria no. 12

no. 13

fishes of cerebria no. 13

no. 14

fishes of cerebria no. 14

no. 15

fishes of cerebria no. 15

no. 16

fishes of cerebria no. 16

no. 17

fishes of cerebria no. 17

no. 18

fishes of cerebria no. 18


Image Sources:

“no. 1” – Fish: from Anselmus Boëtius de Boodt, “Gurnard”, pen and ink, from his albums (1550-1632), “Natural history painting at the court of Rudolph II in Prague”, p. 125, pl. 48. Background: from Caspar Luyken (printmaker), “Emblem: shells – Young man on a beach looks at shells”, etching, 1695 – 1705 [man at position of brazier removed, colour added].

“no. 2” – Fish: from Nicolaas de Bruyn , “Eel and perch”, engraving, 1581 – 1652. Background: from Max Hutzel, “Abruzzo–L’Aquila–Fossa–Monastery of S. Spirito d’Ocre, Image 32”, 1960 – 1990, credit Getty Open Content Program.

“no. 3” – Fish: from “Barracuda”, drawing, from the book “The natural history of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands“, Vol 2, Mark Catesby, 1734 – 1747, Biodiversity Heritage Library. Arm: from Anon., “Arms of criminal whose whole body was more or less tattooed”. Background: from Anon., “Edition Photoglob./ 529. Trummelbach, Cascade”, from the book “Reisalbum van Europa en Zuid-Afrika met 125 foto’s Souvenir du Voyage”, 1870 – 1900.

“no. 4” – Fish: from “Sea Sparrow-Hawk”, drawing, from the book “The natural history of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands“, Vol 2, Mark Catesby, 1734 – 1747, Biodiversity Heritage Library. Head: from Max Hutzel, “Abruzzo–Chieti–Chieti–Museo Nazionale di Antichita, Image 40”, 1960 – 1990”. Lance: from Anon., “Lance from a coat of arms”, wood and steel, 1833 – 1835. Background: from Max Hutzel, “Lazio–Viterbo–Bolsena–Museo Comunale, Image 1”, 1960 – 1990”. Head and background credit Getty Open Content Program.

“no. 5” – Fish: from “Muray” (green or black moray), drawing, from the book “The natural history of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands“, Vol 2, Mark Catesby, 1734 – 1747, Biodiversity Heritage Library. Cup: from Anon., “Kroes, decorated with the coat of arms of Vlissingen and the marquisate Veere”, silver, 1632. Background: from Max Hutzel, “Basilicata–Matera–Matera–S. Nicola dei Greci, Image 21”, 1960 – 1990”, credit Getty Open Content Program.

“no. 6” – Fish: from “Hirundo (Flying Fish)”, drawing, from the book “The natural history of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands“, Vol 2, Mark Catesby, 1734 – 1747, Biodiversity Heritage Library. Man: from Anon, “A strongman flexes his biceps, seen from behind”, photographic postcard, London, ca. 1900s. Background: from Max Hutzel, “Campania–Caserta–Santa Maria Capua Vetere–Anfiteatro Campano, Image 73”, 1960 – 1990”, credit Getty Open Content Program.

“no. 7” – Fish: from “Perca marina capite striato (Grunt)”, drawing, from the book “The natural history of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands“, Vol 2, Mark Catesby, 1734 – 1747, Biodiversity Heritage Library. Man: from Anon, “An athletic man posing bare-chested”, photographic postcard, ca. 1900s. Vessel: from Jacob Pfaff (attributed to), “Tankard on three spherical legs, decorated with a passionate depiction of three allegorical children’s figures in oval medallions with fruit clusters in between”, silver, gilding, 1675 – 1700. Background: from Max Hutzel, “Umbria–Terni–Montecastrilli–S. Vittorina, Image 18”, 1960 – 1990”, credit Getty Open Content Program.

“no. 8” – Fish: from “Perca marina rubra (Squirrel)”, drawing, from the book “The natural history of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands“, Vol 2, Mark Catesby, 1734 – 1747, Biodiversity Heritage Library. Male figure: from A. Mongrédien, “Muscles of the trunk: an écorché figure showing a side view of the torso”, watercolour, ca. 1880. Background: from Max Hutzel, “Lazio–Viterbo–Bomarzo–Palazzo Orsini, Image 26”, 1960 – 1990”, credit Getty Open Content Program.

“no. 9” – Fish: from Nicolaes de Bruyn (printmaker), “Sturgeon”, from “Cod and sturgeon – Libelivs varia Genera piscium complectens”, engraving, 1581 – 1656. Background: from Max Hutzel, “Marches–Pesaro–Fossombrone–Museo Civico A. Vernarecci, Image 39”, 1960 – 1990”, credit Getty Open Content Program. (Colour added by artist.)

“no. 10” – Fish: from Nicolaes de Bruyn, “Eel and perch” (from the series “Libelivs varia Genera piscium complectens”), engraving, 1581 – 1652. Compass: from Jan Marten Kleman, “Compass card”, paper, brass, iron, 1825 – 1849. Diagram on wall: from Levi W. Leonard, “Literary and Scientific Class Book”, book published by John Prentiss, 1827. Background: from Max Hutzel, “Molise–Isernia–Isernia–S. Maria Assunta, Image 20”, 1960 – 1990”, credit Getty Open Content Program.

“no. 11” – Fish: from Jean Bernard, “Vis”, paper & chalk, 1816. Man: from Etienne Rabaud, “Anatomy of a man, showing the muscles”, lithograph, 1900. Background: from Anon., “View of the crashing waters of Niagara Falls with boulders in the foreground”, photograph, 1880 – 1900.

“no. 12” – Fish: from “Lane Snapper”, drawing, from the book “The natural history of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands“, Vol 2, Mark Catesby, 1734 – 1747, Biodiversity Heritage Library. Torso: from J.B. Laveilla, “The body of a man with his trunk dissected to reveal the ribs and viscera”, coloured lithograph, 1869. Compass: from Jan Marten Kleman, “Compass card”, iron, agate, paper, 1825. Background: from Max Hutzel, “Lazio–Roma–Rignano Flaminio–SS. Vincenzo e Anastasio, Image 56”, 1960 – 1990”, credit Getty Open Content Program.

“no. 13” – Fish: from Adriaen Collaert (print maker), “Four fish on the beach“, engraving, 1627 – 1636. Woman: from “Situs transversus in a middle-aged female. (Photograph of the corpse, which is kept in the Munich pathological anatomical collection and was put up for disposal by Prof. Buhl.)”, from the book N. Rüdinger, “Topographisch-chirurgische Anatomie des Menschen”, Vol 2, 1879. Waterfall: from Gioacchino Altobelli, “Waterval Cascata delle Marmore in Umbrië Cascara di Terme, Tivoli”, 1860 – 1880.

“no. 14” – Fish: from “Muraena maculata nigra (Black murey)”, drawing, from the book “The natural history of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands“, Vol 2, Mark Catesby, 1734 – 1747, Biodiversity Heritage Library. Man and Woman: from “The Regions on the front Surface of a female and the rear Surface of a male Figure”, (from the book N. Rüdinger, “Topographisch-chirurgische Anatomie des Menschen”, Vol 2, 1879). Background: from Max Hutzel, “Molise–Isernia–Isernia–S. Maria Assunta, Image 15”, 1960 – 1990, credit Getty Open Content Program.

“no. 15” – Fish: from “long muzzle ophisure”, drawing, from the book “Voyage autour du monde, entrepris par ordre du roi. Exécuté sur les corvettes de S.M. l’Uranie et la Physicienne, pendant les années 1817, 1818, 1819 et 1820“, Louis Claude Desaulses de Freycinet, 1824 – 1844, Biodiversity Heritage Library. Rib cage: from A. Mongrédien, “Vertebral column and ribcage”, watercolour, ca. 1880. Man’s head: from A. Mongrédien, “Muscles of the head and neck: two écorché figures”, watercolour, ca. 1880. Man’s arms and hands: from A. Mongrédien, “Muscles of the arm and hand: five écorché figures”, watercolour, ca. 1880. Man’s torso: from A. Mongrédien, “Muscles and bones of the trunk: five écorché figures showing front and back views of the torso”, watercolour, ca. 1880. Background: from Max Hutzel, “Lazio–Viterbo–Bagnaia–Villa Lante, Image 393”, 1960 – 1990, credit Getty Open Content Program.

“no. 16” – Fish: from P. Oudart, “Bipinnulated Amberjack”, drawing, from the book by Louis Claude Desaulses de Freycinet, “Voyage autour du monde, entrepris par ordre du roi. Paris,Chez Pillet aîné,1824-1844“, 1824 – 1844, Biodiversity Heritage Library. Man: from Anon., “A man posing naked, with his back to the camera, holding on to a branch of a tree in a leafy landscape”, photograph, ca.1900. Background: from Max Hutzel, “Umbria–Terni–Orvieto–Abbazia di SS. Severo and Martirio, Image 1”, 1960 – 1990, credit Getty Open Content Program.

“no. 17” – Fishes: from Anon., “Common Flying Fish”, drawing, (plate XXXI from the book by E. Donovan, F.L.S., “The Natural History of the British Isles“, Vol 2, 1803). Man: from William Fairland, “The body of a standing man with his head shaved and his trunk dissected to reveal the ribs and viscera”, coloured lithograph, 1869. Background: from Max Hutzel, “Umbria–Terni–Narni–S. Domenico, Image 33”, 1960 – 1990”, credit Getty Open Content Program.

“no. 18” – Fish: from Anon., “Sting Ray”, drawing, (plate XCIV from the book by E. Donovan, F.L.S., “The Natural History of the British Isles“, Vol 2, 1803). Man: from Anon., “Male wrestles physical”, photograph, date unknown. Background: from Max Hutzel, “Abruzzo–Civitaretenga–Madonna delle Grazie, Image 16”, 1960 – 1990”, credit Getty Open Content Program.